Current Issue cover

Top Pigmentation Treatments

Contact Author Terri Wojak, Aesthetics Exposed Education

Thank you for your inquiry. Please note that the author cannot provide individual medical advice. Also, if you have a customer service question, email customer service at

Fill out my online form.

Pigmentation is one of the most common skin concerns from clients. It is a difficult skin condition to treat, but the right system can give you outstanding results. The best outcomes are from a combination of treatments and home care, which this article will discuss. However, this article will first detail pigmentation formation and the types of pigmentation, both important to the treatments chosen.

Pigment Formation

Hyperpigmentation is discoloration of the skin that shows up as light to dark brown or grayish spots that are caused by various factors such as inflammation, hormonal response and sun exposure. These factors trigger a complex process known as melanogenesis, which is responsible for producing melanin to protect the skin from aggressors.

When activated by hormonal triggers, sun exposure or inflammation, the melanocytes produce pigment through a complicated process involving tyrosinase, a copper-containing enzyme involved in producing melanin from tyrosine via oxidation, similar to what happens when an apple turns brown after exposure to the oxygen in the air. The melanin then gets packed into melanosomes, which are like pockets of pigment. The dendritic cells of the melanocyte carry the melanosomes to keratinocytes in order to protect them against possible damage from invaders such as UV light.

To learn more about pigmentation, turn to our Digital Magazine...


Terri A. Wojak is a licensed esthetician with 23 years of experience. She is the founder of Aesthetics Exposed Education and the education director for GlycoAla. She served as director at True U Esthetics. She co-authored Mastering Medical Esthetics and authored Aesthetics Exposed: Mastering Skin Care in a Medical Setting and Beyond. She is also a member of the Skin Inc. Editorial Advisory Board.

Note: treatments that a licensed esthetician may perform in a medical spa space vary by state. Please consult with your state board before adopting or performing any unfamiliar treatment.

Related Content