There are many invasive and non-invasive techniques to improve the periorbital and overall eye area. This article will take a look at non-invasive techniques to improve three eye conditions that are of concern to most patients: wrinkles, dark circles and puffiness.
Wrinkles in the eye area can be broadly classified as either wrinkles induced by repetitive muscle contraction or wrinkles induced by age and sun damage combined.
Repetitive muscle wrinkles
Muscle contraction literally leaves deformations in the skin arising from the muscle movement over time. These are difficult to improve dramatically without the use of neuromuscular inhibitors. There have been recent advances in products that “soften” these types of lines topically without the use of these inhibitors.
Tip #1. Wash and exfoliate skin well before applying these topical softeners and apply the product before the application of any other products. The topicals that soften these lines must be bioavailable to the muscle, so the product must deliver these topicals deeply into the skin without any occlusive products blocking them.
Sun and age wrinkles
Tip #2. Apply Tip #1. It is important to allow the product that you are applying to get to the dermal layer so that it can induce collagen and elastin production in the dermal tissue at the fibroblast. If the skin is occluded by makeup, sunscreen or soaps with fatty acids, they will be much less effective.
2. Dark Circles
Eye area darkness may be caused by multiple factors. These include melanin banding patterns (naturally occurring genetic hyperpigmentation), hemoglobin deposition in the under eye and sun damage. Melanin banding patterns can be seen as smooth darker areas above and below the eye area. These arise naturally as genes are passed on in family groups.
Tip #4. To achieve the removal of this type of under eye darkness, it is important to use an “effleurage” technique whereby circular motions are applied from the inside of the eye are to theoutside. There also must be the recognition of a warming sensation on the fingertip signaling that blood flow has started in the area. This usually takes about 15 seconds to start to feel.
Sun damage in the eye area is prominent these days. It is always important to apply a broad spectrum SPF 30 or higher sunscreen to keep this delicate area protected. When sun damage does occur the use of non-hydroquinone skin lighteners is important.
Tip #5. Use an antioxidant in conjunction with the skin lighteners to help with collagen and elastin damage over time. Many topicals contain antioxidants in combination with collagen and elastin initiators.