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By: Lisa M. Crary
Posted: July 30, 2013, from the August 2013 issue of Skin Inc. magazine.
page 4 of 8
EFAs are responsible for the production of prostaglandins, which are important in wound-healing and regulation of the inflammatory response. They also promote a permeable cell membrane for the active and passive cell transfer of nutrients and wastes, and enhance barrier function, which retards transepidermal water loss (TEWL).6
Visible signs of EFA deficiency in the skin include:
- Skin that is unresponsive to treatment;
- Dry skin conditions and an impaired acid mantle;
- Reduced capacity to heal; and/or
- Lack of elasticity.
Recommend a consistent, substantial intake of fluids, preferably plain, filtered water. The recommended amount of water is approximately 64 ounces per day. Advise clients to avoid juices and sodas with a high sugar content.
Hydration is a key element for all processes in the dermal and epidermal layers of the skin. Free water that is made available through proper hydration will affect the function of different enzyme activities in the dermal and epidermal layers. Lack of hydration will slow down enzymatic processes in the skin.
In the dermal layer, these enzymes are responsible for the removal and replacement of new tissue. In the epidermal layer, the enzymes are required for normal desquamation to take place.
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