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Oncology Esthetics: Breast Cancer Awareness
By: Morag Currin
Posted: October 2, 2013, from the October 2013 issue of Skin Inc. magazine.
page 2 of 8
Ligaments support the breast. They run from the skin through the breast and attach to muscles on the chest.
Breast cancer can begin in different areas of the breast: the ducts, the lobules or, in some cases, the tissue in between. There are several types of breast cancer, but some of them are quite rare. In some cases, a single breast tumor can be a combination of types, or be a mixture of invasive and in situ cancer.
Common types of breast cancer
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). DCIS is the most common type of noninvasive breast cancer. DCIS is called “noninvasive” because it doesn’t spread beyond the milk duct into any normal surrounding breast tissue. DCIS isn’t life-threatening, but having it can increase the risk of developing an invasive breast cancer later on in life. A client who has had DCIS is at higher risk for the cancer coming back or for developing a new breast cancer than a client who has never had breast cancer before. Most recurrences happen within 5–10 years after initial diagnosis.
Signs and symptoms. DCIS generally has no signs or symptoms. A small number of people may have a lump in the breast or some discharge from the nipple.
Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). LCIS is an area of abnormal cell growth that increases a person’s risk of developing invasive breast cancer later on in life. “Lobular” means that the abnormal cells start growing in the lobules, the milk-producing glands at the end of the breast ducts. People diagnosed with LCIS tend to have more than one lobule affected.