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The Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale

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  • Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale

    Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale

     


     

     

    Skin Type

    Skin Color

    Characteristics

    I

    White; very fair; red or blond hair; blue eyes; freckles

    Always burns, never tans

    II

    White; fair; red or blond hair; blue, hazel or green eyes

    Usually burns, tans with difficulty

    III

    Cream white; fair with any eye or hair color; very common

    Sometimes mild burn, gradually tans

    IV

    Brown; typical Mediterranean Caucasian skin

    Rarely burns, tans with ease

    V

    Dark brown; Middle Eastern skin types

    Very rarely burns, tans very easily

    VI Black

    Never burns, tans very easily

Posted: October 24, 2007, from the November 2007 issue of Skin Inc. magazine.

Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification

The Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification system was developed in 1975 by Harvard Medical School dermatologist Thomas Fitzpatrick, MD, PhD. This system classifies complexions and their tolerance of sunlight. It is used by many skin care professionals in order to determine how someone will respond or react to facial treatments. Check your client’s Fitzpatrick classification after defining their photoage and treatment type. See Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification Scale.

This scale focuses on potentials for irritation—burns—and hyperpigmentation. Both can be good indicators of treatment choices. For example, Fitzpatrick skin type I clients have a greater tendency toward irritation, but less, theoretically, for developing hyperpigmentation, if it is not triggered. Conversely, the Fitzpatrick skin type VI client will not be as easily irritated and will have an inordinately high tendency toward pigmentation. This type hyperpigments very easily.

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