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What Does “Antiglycation” Mean?

By: Rhonda Allison
Posted: July 31, 2014, from the August 2014 issue of Skin Inc. magazine.

Lately, there has been a lot of buzz about glycation and antiglycation products, and how they impact the skin. Having a working knowledge about glycation will shed some light on the subject; however, it begins with proper diagnosis, understanding the root cause, and knowing which treatments and ingredients to turn to.

Diagnosing the challenge

There are numerous disorders that affect the skin. The most common include acne, eczema, hyperpigmentation, psoriasis, rosacea and skin cancer. Although each of these stem from a similar base of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, they all manifest in different forms—and effective treatment starts with proper diagnosis.

The following information will help professionals learn how to identify the most common challenges encountered.

Acne. Acne is defined as a skin disease that occurs as result of inflamed or infected sebaceous glands in the skin. There are different types of acne including:

  • Acne vulgaris—comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts and sequelae;
  • Acne cosmetic—small, slightly raised, red lesions and whiteheads;
  • Acne mechanica—caused by repetitive friction or pressure;
  • Acne rosacea—papules and pustules formed in the center of the face, cheeks and chin; and
  • Pseudofolliculitis barbae—ingrown hairs.

Eczema. Eczema describes several forms of noncontagious conditions in which skin may be inflamed, red, dry and itchy. Common forms include atopic dermatitis, which appears as a red, inflamed rash; contact dermatitis, often caused by external sources—an irritant or allergen—and appears as a rash or can look like a burn; and nummular dermatitis, which appears as red, flaky, coin-shaped patches.