Honey is made from bees gathering nectar from the flowers, plants and trees they visit. When a bee locates a “good find” of nectar, it may return to the hive and do a “bee dance” to show the other bees where to find that flower or plant. Bees are always working together for the benefit of the hive and never just to fill their own bellies. Once all the nectar and pollen has been collected, the bees go back to the hive and wax comb cells are filled. The cell is capped with wax, and the honey is left to cure until the bees need it.
Beeswax is created by the bees to hold honey and pollen, and keeps them efficiently stored until needed. It takes an incredible amount of energy for bees to create wax. Wax colors range from white to yellow to brown, and is used in all kinds of things from furniture to candles to cosmetics. In a water-based cream, it can be used to bind water and oil together to create an emulsion. In addition, it is a moisturizer. Often, beeswax is included in lip balms, body balms and creams due to its moisturizing and skin-protecting qualities.
Propolis is a sticky resin the bees gather from trees and other plants. Plants produce resins and gums, which are produced at wound sites, or in new buds or leaves. Propolis is usually dark brown and sticky. When cold, the propolis is brittle and when warm, it has a thick taffy consistency. Bees use the propolis to protect the hive. They seal any cracks and open areas with propolis to keep invaders out, as well as wind and rain.