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Today, clients actively are seeking to resolve a wide range of visible problems on the skin’s surface without using some of the incredibly invasive methods that currently are available. Most of these problems are related to the aging process of the underlying skin structure. With age, collagen production slows down, causing the dermal layers to lose their density. Expression lines, as well as perioral and periocular wrinkles, appear. Then skin laxity begins and muscles lose their tone, causing deep nasal-labial folds, sagging jowls and a loss of facial contour.
For many years, estheticians were limited in the types of treatments they could offer clients for skin rejuvenation or collagen enhancement. Existing technologies, such as galvanic devices, focused on one part of the problem and were restricted to either a superficial or an intermediate level of the skin.
Device-based esthetic methodology has experienced a renaissance throughout the past five years. Many of these units have been developed recently and offer a multiple-technological approach, such as microdermabrasion devices that have been combined with other modalities, including light-emitting diodes (LED) and microcurrent.
Since the 1960s, European estheticians have realized the importance of using professional equipment during facial treatments to enhance the services, as well as to allow for better penetration and performance of active ingredients. Steamers, rotary brushes, high frequency, vacuum massage and galvanic all were part of the procedure.
The United States was slow to embrace these technologies, and U.S. facials once consisted only of applying hot towels, a massage cream and a mask. It was only during the latter part of the 20th century, with the introduction of microcurrent, that the industry began to understand the importance of working at deeper levels in order to obtain results that could not be reproduced at home.