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Silently and efficiently, the cells of the skin work furiously to repair the damage that is incessantly assaulting your deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA). Without these repair mechanisms, life would be impossible.
The major manifestation of DNA damage on the skin is skin cancer. Clients who have red hair and are Fitzpatrick Type I are the most susceptible to this type of damage, but anyone who is exposed to high levels of sun exposure is a candidate for DNA damage. If serious, most DNA damage to the skin will manifest as some type of lesion. If skin care professionals notice actinic keratosis, multiple ugly, pigmented spots or any lesion that cannot be recognized, they should immediately refer the client to a dermatologist.
In this article, only the basic mechanisms of DNA repair will be covered for the skin care professional by answering four essential questions.
- How does the skin become damaged?
- What type of damage is incurred by DNA and other organelles in the skin?
- How does the skin repair this damage?
- What can be used topically to assist in DNA repair?
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